In early 19th century the Royal University of Lucca used it for experiments on local and exotic tree species to be planted on estates in the Lucca area. The initial idea was conceived by Elisa Baciocchi Bonaparte, but it was Maria Luisa of Bourbon who brought it to life. Visitors can still see the first cedar of Lebanon planted here. It has an arboretum, pond, medicinal and food plant collections, greenhouses, a library, and a germination station. The Botanical Museum can boast 10,000 dried plant specimens.